Council for British Archaeology Yorkshire | Journal in press

◊ Dear Microburins, CBAY_FORUM_vol3_cvr

I am delighted—and not a little relieved—to say that the third FORUM Yorkshire archaeological journal is now in press, the last under my editorship as I stand down from the Committee as Hon. Editor and Trustee this year.

“You’ve done a great job of rejuvenating the CBA Forum, and we will certainly want to provide further contributions to the journal in the future.” – Mitch Pollington, AOC Archaeology Group

Publishing this volume, pertaining to the year 2014, in May of 2015 reflects the timing and nature of fieldwork in both the commercial and community sectors, where either post-excavation analyses are still underway or where the writing up of reports, even interim summaries, usually takes place over the winter season. I suspect that this will be the ongoing rhythm for future editions, even if it means missing the opportunity to distribute copies at the CBA Yorkshire Annual General Meeting and Symposium event early in each calendar year. Such are these pressures on time, it is also difficult to build up a pipeline of future papers without those also becoming dated.

“If the next editor is half as good as you, the journal will be in safe hands.” – Ed Dennison Archaeological Services

I am particularly pleased that we are able to present papers aligned to the Communities in Action theme which we introduced last year. The cover image attests to the fantastic planning, fieldwork—and fascinated results—achieved so far in the Swaledale Big Dig, by example. While we do not have any Behind the Scenes papers this year (unfortunately the one on OASIS did not materialise), there is still an opportunity for specialists—whether in archaeological, heritage or museum practices, and their allied sciences—to offer insights into the areas of the discipline that might not otherwise be well understood.


CBAY_Symposium01Once again, I remain indebted to the authors for their time, enthusiasm and tolerance—both those whose papers appear in this volume and those who have promised papers for the next edition. Above all, I am grateful to the CBA Yorkshire Committee and Trustees for their wonderful support over these last three years. It has been a privilege for me, thank you. I will be working with the new editor on a smooth transition and to make last year’s FORUM Yorkshire Volume 2 available as free-to-download, fully open-access, on our website (PDF format and e-magazine style).

Interested in Yorkshire Archaeology?

Why not think about joining CBA Yorkshire, run entirely by volunteers, for the benefit of those interested in the welfare and better understanding of Yorkshire’s historic environment? It aims to encourage and promote greater public knowledge and involvement, and where possible to advance and assist relevant research—ARCHAEOLOGY FOR ALL.

There are also a number of positions available on the Committee, which meets in York four times each year. We are particularly looking for a Web & Social Media officer and Education officer, amongst other roles.


Symposium image courtesy of Eric Houlder.

Editing Archaeology | Two recent achievements in print and online

Dear microburins,

A post-free month, and then two come along all at once! I dare say there’s a third fermenting somewhere in the back of my gaseous, bubbling, overly-knapped, conchoidially-fractured, corticated and (breath) patinated mind.

Microburin is coming up for a breath of Spring air and a transition to other duties—back to the lithics lab and conference planning. Many of you know I’m a voluntary editor for Council for British Archaeology Yorkshire and voluntary chair for the refreshed Teesside Archeological Society (now with on an upward-trending membership again). I’m proud to contribute to both organisations.

CBA Yorkshire

ArchaeologyYorkshire_croppedMuch of the winter was spent editing CBA Yorkshire’s FORUM YORKSHIRE archaeological journal. This is a new series that sits between the informality of past magazine-style annual publications and the more traditional county and thematic periodicals that we must complement. I think we have found our sweet spot whilst maintaining a standard that attracts a broad range of well-written articles spanning the variety of archaeology in the county—academic research, commercial developer-led, educational and community.

CBAY_FORUMcvr_SFinding a Sweet Spot

In this year’s volume 2 (for 2013), while somewhat volatile in terms of the readiness of committed articles and their respective back-end project progress, I think we have managed to create a portfolio that does justice to the scope of activities happening across our Ridings. The excellent contributions under two banners, in particular, give us a unique mix and presence in the publication record: Communities In Action and Behind The Scenes give voice to multifaceted community ventures, some completed and others in-progress, as well as demonstrating some of the inner mechanics of the archaeological discipline and its many allied specialisations. I am particularly pleased to host papers from the Archaeology Data Service (ADS) courtesy of Catherine Hardman and Potted History—artisan archaeological potter Graham Taylor who continues to supply expertly researched and skillfully rendered replica ceramics to the likes of Stonehenge visitor centre and many museums. His grooved ware renditions are, simply, huge in every respect!

Paper versus online

The debate between the value-by-weight of print versus electronic publication is one side of the story. With a typical 50% of CBAY Membership who are Internet-enabled, paper still holds a special value and a relied-upon communication vehicle, no matter the increasing postage costs. Rural Internet (broadband) access, most especially across a County with profound wi-fi topographic dynamics—the utterly urban to the completely rural (BT and UK Government take note)—are veneered with a generational capability in terms of computing confidence. With a demographic, also nationally typical, that sees a majority membership over the age of 55, we are far from a tipping point wherein “online” would be a reasonable expectation for all. Let me ask: how comfortable do we all feel with the corporate/banking/government coercion toward a ‘paperless’ life, especially when so many transactions rely upon proving identity and residence by virtue of providing original paper records? We’re in a quandary. Moreover, the Heartbleed openSSL security bug debacle hasn’t helped. Who is safe as the first hackers and abusers are arrested?

open-accessOpen Access Commitment

Hence, CBA Yorkshire have agreed upon full, free open access to our journal after a grace period of one year—green access level. FORUM YORKSHIRE vol 1 (2012) is therefore available online now, tied to the publication of vol 2. We’re using ISSUU as an e-publishing vehicle and maintain a PDF download using Dropbox. As time allows, our plan is to host all papers via ADS too in PDF-A archive format. It will take a little time to prepare this, with due diligence.

TASiconTEES Perspectives

The second major effort has been TEESSCAPES, the e-Magazine of the Teesside Archaeological Society. Our presence on the Internet—Email, Website, Facebook and Twitter—have been innovations only recently, literally the last year or two. We started with email using the fantastic MailChimp cloud technology. Our website, hosted on WordPress, appeared just before Christmas. Grasping the social media bullet, Facebook came next—we achieved over 158 followers within a two weeks (I need to shout out here: that was jaw-dropping!) and the comment “at last! TAS joins the 21st century“. That’s my favourite. Girding ones loins, knowing how social media requires regular monitoring and messaging, Twitter followed to complement the suite. And now Facebook and Twitter are integrated into our website alongside regular news posts (backed up with email campaigns).

What hour are you in?

The major benefit is to reach an extended audience of tens-of-thousands in an instant. While Facebook’s reach is increasingly limited, by function of the drive for advertising-based commercial “promotion” (i.e. you have to pay), Twitter still allows an awesome capability. So, for example, using vehicles (and hashtags) like #YorkshireHour, @RyedaleHour and several others across Cleveland/Teesside and the north-east of England, a lecture invite can reach an audience of over 25,000 people, in a split second. We have garnered quite a few new members, and many more interested followers, as a proven result. All praise for social media, say I! (But not Facebook).

The Power of Guest Writers

TEESSCAPES_2014-01_CvrThe latest edition, TEESSCAPES Spring 2014, also includes two great articles on top-of-mind topics by guest writers. David Mennear, an osteo-archaeologost and TAS friend, guides us through the complex but thrilling world of human origins and the latest discoveries in Georgia and South Africa. Meantime, Kim Biddulph of @SchoolsPrehistory gives us a taste for what the forthcoming inclusion of Prehistory in the English National Curriculum means in terms of teaching readiness and the impact on seven-year olds—this is not far short of a curriculum revolution, accounting for the missing million years of hominin and human presence in Britain. Schools Prehistory provide advice and wonderful resources for teachers.

Your Chance to Share

As I eye up the forthcoming seasonal editions of the magazine, I am hoping (and perhaps you can help) for equally insightful and informal contributions that explain the inner and outer workings of archaeology and the significance of recent discoveries. Go on! Write for us? Email

That’s it for now. It’s been a thrilling week on the back of a winter of gruel. Archaeology MUST REMAIN accessible to ALL. At whatever cost—surely?


Council for British Archaeology | Yorkshire | Now Editor and Trustee

ArchaeologyYorkshire_croppedI’m humbled and honoured to have been elected as the Hon Editor (CBA Yorkshire FORUM Journal) and a Trustee of Council for British Archaeology: Yorkshire Group. I’ll be calling for papers shortly—for FORUM New Series Volume 2 (2013). If you’re doing anything in the heritage and archaeology space—this is the place where we can help you spread the word about your projects, findings and achievements.

CBAY_Forum_smallMeantime, New Series Volume 1 (2012) is now out and being distributed to more than 600 CBA Yorkshire members and affiliate organisations across the county and country.

So why don’t you join—you’ll get the current journal too?* Play your part in preserving and exploring Yorkshire’s fine heritage, and making Archaeology for all a reality.

Individual Membership is a bargain at £12.50, Families and Organisations for £15.00 and Under 18s & Full-time Students for £5.00.

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Find out more | » CBA Yorkshire | » FORUM Journal | » How to join

*Subject to availability from a short supply!


5 Minute Guide to Archaeology on the Internet

And the DigVentures “dog cam” too—yes, a camera strapped to a happy dog on a dig!

This post might seem like preaching to the converted, the Internet-confident, the Web-proficient—but feel welcome to steal and share this with your friends, local societies and community groups who may not feel so comfortable with social media. Sharing is good, postage is expensive!

Social-Media-IconsThe vast selection of information, news and people-networking available on the Internet can seem daunting and it isn’t always easy to know what’s best, what other people rely on, who does what, and where. The heritage and archaeological world is no exception—the wonder of the Web is both a miracle in terms of what we all have access to, and yet frustrating by its sheer vastness. In this 5 Minute overview are some of my favourite places, and ones that let you discover other useful locations, tools, and people.

This is not an exhaustive (or exhausting) overview—it is an adaptation of something I did for friends at my local archaeological society. It’s never easy to put your hand up and say you don’t understand this world of social media. So, if you’ll forgive me skimming the subject, I do hope this is a helpful use of five minutes. Drop me a comment if I need to correct or embellish something. I think we’re all still learning—because this world is constantly changing too!

Microwave or Internet?

The Internet?

There are the strange names, some of which give a hint as to what they’re for, some rather bizarre—do you know your Ning from your Wiki, Bebo from MySpace, Facebook from Linkedin, Blogger from YouTube from Flickr, Tmblr, your washing machine and microwave?

Cartoon by Don AddisMany of these strange things, largely brand type names, have different types of users, age groups and social profiles.

Not to worry, many of the strange names make sense when their origin is revealed—none are rude!

To make a long story very short, these are most of the Internet resources that serve the archaeology and heritage sectors—and the principles apply to every other walk of life:

Websites and Wikis

  • Websites | virtually every organization in the world now has a website. They’re essentially “static” places that provide information to read, download as files, and about how to do things and who to contact. Websites are a “shop window” but they’re not “interactive”. You’ll rarely see “dialogue” or exchanges between people. Some individuals have their own websites and there are increasingly easy-to-use (and generally free) ways to create and manage your own website. Generally, the only chargeable elements are if you want your own “domain” name like <your name>.org or .com or, for example and if you want a Web design company to host and manage your website.
  • A URL | (Universal Resource Locator) just means a web link that will begin http:// or https:// (secure). When a website or link is broken, you see “404 Not Found” in your web browser. Somebody probably messed up, their computers failed or the page was taken offline (or your Internet connection isn’t working).
  • Wikis | wiki actually means “super fast” in the Hawaiian language! These are websites you can create using your web browser. What makes them unique is that they are websites that anyone can contribute to or change. So, for instance, Wikipedia is a vast online encyclopaedia with content created by everyone and anyone, but they are generally well “policed”, very informative and reliable.

Blogs and Microblogs

  • Even Bill might get confused?

    Even Bill might get confused?

    Blogs | and blogging start to make information more interactive still. “Blog” is short for “Web log” and you can think of it as cross between a website, a diary or journal, your own newspaper or noticeboard. The difference is that you make “posts”—like entries in a diary or postcards from a holiday—that can be read in chronological order with pictures, even video, and links to information. What’s more, people can leave comments (if you allow them to), subscribe to your blog to get posts by email or share a post in social media (see below). They’re also very easy to create and the “how to” videos and instructions are very good. The most popular and free blog tool is WordPress (look out for Francis Pryor’s below—the new chief archaeologist on Time Team). Blogger is another blog tool recently acquired by Google.

  • Twitter | and isn’t it in the news an awful lot these days! Think of Twitter as a “mini” blog or “micro blog”. The key thing about Twitter and Tweeting is that the content is limited to 140 characters—probably why so many famous people get into trouble. Again, it’s free, immediate and interactive. Most users tweet from their mobile phones and portable computers. People that do it in a court of law get into big trouble. Not everybody tweets, including me!
  • Tumblr | sits somewhere between WordPress & Blogger and Twitter but isn’t limited to 140 characters. It’s a micro blog popular in the realms of fashion, photography and pop culture—increasingly with politicians and celebs—and is a way to share multimedia posts that include pictures and video.

Social Media and Networking

Keep calmThe remaining Internet type things are all about staying in touch with people and being able to share things quickly and interactively—whether messages, news, pictures, answers to questions—with friends or groups with a common interest. It’s about community. Here are the main ones you’ll find in archaeology. All are free but require you to register, like you do for an email account. Sometimes joining a group will be open, sometimes there’ll be a “manager”. Messages from sites like Twitter and Facebook can also be displayed on websites (see the CBA one below), and website links can be shared in social media messages.

  • TeacupFacebook | connects mostly young professionals and students as well as an increasing cross-section of the community. It lets people share instant messages either privately or with bigger groups—and their friends too. For example, Team GB had an Olympics Facebook page that was shared far and wide with their pictures and messages. You can “like” group sites or something somebody shared, like a joke, a news story or just what somebody’s been up to. It’s easy to upload photographs and share photo albums—which people can “like”, comment on, and share with their friends. Some people use Flickr to share their photographs—same kind of thing.
  • LinkedIn | is a social networking site developed specifically for business professionals who want to build relationships, meet new contacts and market themselves. It’s free, you register for an account and set up a personal profile—a bit like a CV online although you can control how much people see. If you do a Google search on my name “Spencer Carter” you should see a LinkedIn profile, amongst other bits and pieces | I’m not the hydraulic marine equipment provider, by the way!

Other Bits

  • MySpace | is a social networking site popular with people who like sharing music, pictures and videos. Bebo tends to cater for teenagers. Ning is an online tool that lets people create a social networking site. Google+ is Google’s competition with Facebook, but essentially the same principle. YouTube is probably the most popular site for sharing videos.

And that’s really all there is to it—the rest is generally just about different names for the same or very similar things, or places to store and share documents like Dropbox and Scribd—all free!

  • I also use MailChimp—another free Web tool that helps manage subscription lists, email-based communications or marketing campaigns—all safely, legally and securely. Again, there are other free and competing web tools that do this. Personally, I really like MailChimp’s humorous help tips and error messages, and their very fast, friendly support response.

Some Favourites

CBACouncil for British Archaeology | CBA have just re-designed and re-launched their website. It’s a great place to read the latest news, find links to other information and resources, even download back copies of their research reports. What you can’t do is ask a question on the website. So CBA have a Facebook page and a LinkedIn page that anybody can follow and (with an account) interact with.

PH logoPast Horizons | One of the best online magazine sites covering the latest national and international archaeology and heritage news with occasional in-depth articles. Look on the right side of their homepage for a great list of blogs. They maintain a database of current archaeological field work opportunities around the world. Great for students looking for practical experience and volunteers seeking a new challenge. They also have a well stocked web shop selling quality archaeological equipment to a world market. This link looks like a website, but it’s actually a WordPress “blog” site. They also have a Facebook page—where humorous archaeology cartoons are often shared!

HeritageDaily | Another favourite archaeology news vehicle that you can sign up for either via Facebook or to receive emails.

DigVenturesDigVentures | Your chance to work with some of the best field archaeologists in the land on some of the best archaeological sites in the world. Join them and take part in a groundbreaking, game-changing archaeological experiment as a key member of the team. Whether you’re digging on site with them or checking in from the other side of the world, with DigVentures you can share the excitement of discovery as it happens, knowing that without your support, it wouldn’t have happened.

» And here’s the “dog cam” video on YouTube! Enjoy…

In The Long Run | Francis Pryor’s blog on archaeology, rural life (he’s also a sheep farmer) and the lessons of history. You can enter your email address and receive his regular posts in your mailbox, although his WordPress blog site doesn’t allow comments.

Saxon Princess Excavation Blog | Steve Sherlock’s blog about the Loftus excavations and Saxon jewels at Street House (North-east England). Notice how the “posts” are grouped by calendar month in the side menu. If you leave Steve a message, he sees that and approves it to appear in the blog. | My own informal blog about Mesolithic archaeology in northern England and some ongoing projects. It’s a blog where you can register to receive post alerts by email. Under “Stuff to Watch” you’ll find more links to favourite things—sensible, entertaining and humorous. Again, notice on the right-hand menu area how “posts” are archived by month and by category (meaning subject). You’ll also see the community of “followers” and the blogs I follow.